The NHS public health functions agreement sets out the arrangements under which the Secretary of State delegates responsibility to NHS England for certain public health services (known as Section 7A services).The services currently commissioned in this way are: national immunisation programmes national population screening programmes Child Health Information Services (CHIS) public health services for adults and children in secure and detained settings in England sexual assault services (Sexual Assault Referral Centres)
Sometimes he goes by John White. Sometimes he’s Abdulaziz Adel. At Harvard he is Mahmoud Hariri. His many names are a product of his life in Syria, where being a doctor treating the wounded is often as dangerous as being a rebel fighting the regime of Bashar al-Assad.There have been 400 documented attacks on medical facilities since the Syrian war began in 2011 and close to 800 medical workers killed, according to figures from the U.S.-based nongovernmental organization Physicians for Human Rights. The assaults have been executed almost entirely by the Assad government or its allies, according to the NGO, and have targeted civilians with ruthless precision.Hariri, a surgeon and currently a Harvard Scholars at Risk fellow, has witnessed firsthand those brutal campaigns and their horrific aftermath: bodies marred by barrel bombs (cylinders crammed with explosives and shrapnel); burned remains of medical students kidnapped and murdered for the crime of trying to aid the injured; a woman, nine months pregnant, who lost her baby when a sniper’s bullet pierced its skull.Tragedy dominated Hariri’s daily reality the past several years in Aleppo, the city where he was born and first devoted his life to helping others.“Medicine was my ambition since I was a child,” the 50-year-old physician said on a recent afternoon in his Harvard office on Story Street, thousands of miles removed from the devastation of his home city, where hundreds of thousands have died since fighting broke out in 2011. “They used to call me, since I was in the middle school, ‘How are you, doctor? Where are you going, doctor?’” Harvard’s Leaning to co-chair study examining wide effects of civil war No easy answer for health void in Syria Related When it was time to pick a specialty, Hariri opted for general surgery because of its “practical chance to save lives.” He didn’t imagine that his days removing gallbladders, fixing hernias, and teaching at Aleppo University would help prepare him to be a trauma surgeon saving lives on the front lines. He was wrong.The father of four turns to his computer to pull up a video of a group of medical personnel working feverishly in an improvised Aleppo operating room. “That’s me,” he says, pointing to blue rubber-gloved hands holding a beating heart spurting blood from a hole torn open by shrapnel. (The patient survived.)After shadowing and assisting David Nott, a London specialist and war surgeon who visited Aleppo in 2013 for six weeks, Hariri was on his own. Soon he was performing complex surgeries — vascular, lung, and open-heart — with lives in the balance.At Harvard, he is helping others gain the experience they need to become doctors in his war-ravaged country, where skilled medical professionals are increasingly rare. Hariri, who is being hosted by the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health’s Department of Global Health and Population, is focused on developing the medical school arm of the new Free Aleppo University.“It’s accredited and registered with the World Health Organization,” said Hariri, adding, “It’s our university.”He is also working on building a network of doctors, medical educators, and experts who can continue to train young doctors in Syria whose postgraduate work was interrupted by civil war. Hariri and his Syrian team are connecting via the web specialists from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Saudi Arabia with Syrian students for interviews, oral exams, and online tests.In Aleppo, Hariri helped coordinate an underground network of physicians and makeshift hospitals, safe houses filled with supplies where doctors can perform emergency surgeries. To avoid being targeted by bombs they removed sirens and lights from their ambulances and camouflaged the trucks’ bright yellow paint with mud. They trained themselves to do everything, from patient record-keeping to preparing for and responding to chemical attacks.“Step by step we learned how to organize the work.”Harari is convinced that education is the light that will show his country the way out of conflict.“Fighting extremism starts from education,” he said, “not from the fight. I believe that education, education is the key for freedom, self-dignity, development, and getting rid of all extremism. For that reason I am working on this with my friends.”In 2014, his friends in the Syrian medical community promised to nominate him for the Harvard fellowship if the surgeon promised them something as well: he would return. Hariri chuckled as he recalled the agreement. Going back, he said, has never been in question. His response to those who ask him about seeking asylum in the United States is always the same.“I need to go back home,” he tells them. “I believe that my home needs me. I have to work for them.”In the spring, after his fellowship ends, Hariri will stay true to his promise, heading first to Turkey, where he will leave his family, and then back to Syria to continue his work.“I know that the future looks grim … I don’t expect that something good will be happening soon. But in spite of this, we do believe that we have to do our best.”
This year, advertisements for the Super Bowl XLVI will captivate audiences around the country in a new way. Professor Robert Williams, assistant professor of marketing at Saint Mary’s College, said this year’s advertisements will be interactive with the use of social media. “Social media has been the game changer for Super Bowl ads,” Williams said. “The companies will receive quick feedback to the ads this way.” Williams said companies are trying increase their accessibility to consumers. Some will use the “AdMeter,” an application on Facebook, to track the receptiveness of viewers to company ads, he said. Williams said companies use this information in preparations and designs for future ads and products. Due to these changes, the cost of running advertisements during the Super Bowl has increased by 16.7 percent since last year, he said. “It will cost $3.5 million dollars for one 30-second spot to run during the Super Bowl this year,” Williams said. The rising cost in running time, however, demonstrates strength in the United States’ economy, he said. “For 46 years, the prices of Super Bowl ads have increased and decreased, it is based on how well the economy is doing during that year,” Williams said. Williams said social media may also help the Super Bowl and its advertisements become international. As more countries become interested in the sport, they will also be entertained by its advertisements. “For example, if the Super Bowl goes international, beer companies will show beer in company names which American viewers will recognize, such as Miller Light,” Williams said. Williams said companies are already getting feedback by viewers on their websites. Due to companies’ use of social media, however, viewers may ignore advertisements during the actual game after watching them weeks in advance, he said.
Photo by Kaan Demiroz || Daily TrojanOver the weekend, the women’s volleyball championship tipped off with the first and second round games. The Women of Troy finished with a 22-9 record and a 14-6 conference record. They began the tournament as the 10th seed and were pitted against Southland Conference champion Central Arkansas (27-4, 13-3 Southland Conference) in the opening round on Friday at Galen Center.The first set was a tough but entertaining back and forth affair as neither team could seize control of the game early on but the Sugar Bears increasingly ramped up their intensity and took a 14-12 lead on a 5-0 run. The Bears then extended their lead to 19-15 but the Trojans rallied back to tie it at 21 apiece. However, the Sugar Bears powered past the Trojans 25-22 in the first set using a 4-1 run to break the tie as Savanah Allen of the Sugar Bears struck for two crucial kills to push the Bears’ lead. The second set was even closer as the set saw 12 tied scores and four lead changes between the two squads. Despite taking an early 11-7 lead, the Sugar Bears could not hold onto the lead as the Trojans answered with a 8-2 run. After several back and forth possessions, the two teams were tied again at 20 all. Brittany Abercrombie, who was named to the Pac-12 All-Conference team, pushed the USC lead up 22-20 on back to back kills but the Sugar Bears retook the lead 23-22 following successful strikes. However, the Trojans would tie it at 23 on another Lanier kill and consecutive Sugar Bear errors sealed a hard-fought second set for the Trojans, 25-23. Khalia Lanier, who was also named to the Pac-12 All-Conference team, had 16 kills on a .323 hitting percentage by the end of the 2nd set. The 3rd set began similarly to the first two sets: no team could take control with several tied scores early on. But the Trojans were finally able to control the game as they led 15-11 which later extended to 20-12 on successful offensive attacks on the hapless Sugar Bears’ defense. Trojans’ errors contributed to a 6-1 Sugar Bears run which cut the lead to just 21-18 but the Trojans answer with a 4-0 run capped off by another Lanier kill to take the 3rd set 25-18, giving USC a 2-1 set advantage entering the 4th set. In the fourth set, the Trojans would take an early 6-3 lead but could never shake off the Sugar Bears who kept the deficit at 3 in the early going. With only a 3-point lead at just 11-8, the Trojans would go on a momentum draining 7-0 run with Jenna Adams serving two aces coupled with five consecutive Sugar Bears turnovers. With an 18-8 lead, the Trojans never looked back as they finished off the Sugar Bears 25-12 to take the fourth set and the game 3-1. “It’s always nice to get that first win,” head coach Mick Haley said. “You get amped up to play in this game. You’ve worked all season, and then you’re jumping higher than you’ve jumped all year; you’re going faster and your motor is running. We couldn’t really get into rhythm until the middle of the season set. When we finally calmed down a little bit, it was still touch and go for some time. We were very fortunate to get that second set and then we relaxed and played our game.”Pac-12 All-Conference player Khalia Lanier led the way for the Women of Troy with 24 kills on .320 hitting percentage while fellow Pac-12 All-Conference teammate Brittany Abercrombie recorded 14 kills on .273 hitting percentage. Pac-12 All-Conference Honorable Mention Niki Withers and freshman Brooke Botkin combined for 19 kills. Setter Reni Meyer-Whalley recorded a double double of 26 assists and 11 digs while fellow setter Cindy Marina also recorded 26 assists along with four service aces. As a team, the Trojans combined for 62 kills on .307 hitting percentage while recording 60 assists, 56 digs, 10 block assists and 12 service aces in the win.The Sugar Bears were led by Savanah Allen and Megan Nash with 12 kills each. The rest of the team had 26 kills combined while Elizabeth Armstrong recorded a game-high 41 assists. The Sugar Bears recorded 50 kills total on a .226 hitting percentage while recording 47 assists, 51 digs, six block assists and four block solos. Central Arkansas fought hard throughout the game, keeping the game close and within reach in the first three sets, but a sloppy fourth set which saw nine kills and nine errors seal the season for the Sugar Bears. “That’s a very good team,” Haley said. “They do what they do very well and they’re taught very well by a very good coach. I have a real appreciation for the way that they played. I thought they really gave us a good match.” With the win, the Trojans record their 23rd win of the season and advance to the second round to play the San Diego Toreros, who edged out Louisiana State 3-1 in an entertaining four set game. The Sugar Bears’ season comes to a close with the loss which puts them at 27-5 on the season as they are eliminated from the tournament.