Anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel combustion and deforestation are rapidly increasing the atmospheric concentration of CO2 and reducing the pH of the oceans. This study shows that predicted near-future levels of ocean acidification have significant negative effects on early larval development of the Sydney rock oyster Saccostrea glomerata (Gould, 1850). CO2 was added to seawater to produce pH levels set at 8.1 (control), 7.8, and 7.6 (actual pH values were 8.11, 7.81, and 7.64, respectively). These treatments represent present-day surface ocean pH, as well as upper (Delta pH approximate to -0.3) and lower (Delta pH approximate to -0.5) pH predictions for the surface oceans in 2100. With decreasing pH, survival of S. glomerata larvae decreased, and growth and development were retarded. Larval survival decreased by 43% at pH 7.8 and by 72% at pH 7.6. Antero-posterior measurement (APM) was reduced by 6.3% at pH 7.8 and 8.7% at pH 7.6 and dorso-ventral measurement (DVM) was reduced by 5.1% at pH 7.8 and 7.5% at pH 7.6. The percentage of empty shells remaining from dead larvae decreased by 16% at pH 7.8 and by 90% at pH 7.6 indicating that the majority of empty shells dissolved within 7 days at pH 7.6. Scanning election microscope images of 8-day-old larvae show abnormalities on the shell surface at low pH suggesting (1) problems with shell deposition, (2) retarded periostracum formation, and/or (3) increased shell dissolution. Larval life-history stages are considered particularly susceptible to climate change, and this study shows that S. glomerata larvae are sensitive to a high-CO2 world and are, specifically, negatively affected by exposure to pH conditions predicted for the world’s oceans for the year 2010.
Projections of sea-level rise contributions from West Antarctica’s dynamically thinning ice streams contain high uncertainty because some of the key processes involved are extremely challenging to observe. An especially poorly observed parameter is sub-decadal stability of ice-stream beds. Only two previous studies have made repeated geophysical measurements of ice-stream beds at the same locations in different years, but both studies were limited in spatial extent. Here, we present the results from repeat radar measurements of the bed of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, conducted 3–6 years apart, along a cumulative ~ 60 km of profiles. Analysis of the correlation of bed picks between repeat surveys show that 90 % of the ice-stream bed displays no significant change despite the glacier increasing in speed by up to 40 % over the last decade. We attribute the negligible detection of morphological change at the bed of Pine Island Glacier to the ubiquitous presence of a deforming till layer, wherein sediment transport is in steady state, such that sediment is transported along the basal interface without inducing morphological change to the radar-sounded bed. Significant change was only detected in one 500 m section of the bed where a change in bed morphology occurs with a difference in vertical amplitude of 3–5 m. Given the precision of our measurements, the maximum possible erosion rate that could go undetected along our profiles is 500 mm a-1, far exceeding erosion rates reported for glacial settings from proglacial sediment yields, but substantially below subglacial erosion rates of 1000 mm a-1 previously reported from repeat geophysical surveys in West Antarctica.
Todays “Readers Poll” question is: Should the EPD Administration sit down with the FOP leadership and let them address their grievances in a professional, rational and candid manner?Please take time and read our articles entitled “STATEHOUSE Files, Channel 44 News, LAW ENFORCEMENT, READERS POLL, BIRTHDAYS, HOT Jobs” and “LOCAL SPORTS”. You now are able to subscribe to get the CCO dailyIf you would like to advertise on the CCO please contact us [email protected] IS IT TRUE that the First Ward City Council race is shaping up to be interesting? …that candidate Tim O’Ryan (R) has a fundraiser coming up hosted by a long list of Republican officeholders including State Reps, County Officials Mayor, City Councilmen, etc?IS IT TRUE that 1st Ward City Council candidate Ben Trockman (D) also has an upcoming fundraiser coming yo be hosted by two of the biggest Republican families in Vanderburgh County? IS IT TRUE that the Vanderburgh County Commissioners delivered their annual “State of the County” update speeches at Rotary Club this week? …that their presentations were well-received by all attendees? …many items were discussed such as infrastructure, historic road projects, public safety, tourism, and economic development? …that it’s obvious Commissioners Hatfield, Musgrave, and Shoulders are working together very well? …we been told that this week “State Of The County” update was most informative, thorough and productive?IS IT TRUE that the First Ward City Council race is shaping up to be extremely interesting? …that candidate Tim O’Ryan (R) has a fundraiser coming up hosted by a long list of Republican officeholders including State Reps, Mayor, City Councilmen? IS IT TRUE that candidate Ben Trockman (D) also has a fundraiser planned in a couple of weeks hosted by two of the biggest Republican families in Vanderburgh County? We hope that today’s “IS IT TRUE” will provoke honest and open dialogue concerning issues that we, as responsible citizens of this community, need to address in a rational and responsible way? IS IT TRUE that the City-County Observer launched a speaker series in May of 2019 called the Living Outside the Box series?…this speaker series was named after a book by the same name that was written by Joe Wallace who has served as a content contributor to the CCO for roughly 10 years now?…this speaker series has promoted numerous business interest and each one draws bigger crowds?…this month the speaker will be John Dunn who is one of the legacy entrepreneurs in greater Evansville, Indiana?…a capacity crowd is expected to see Mr. Dunn discuss his personal philosophies on business and life?IS IT TRUE that on October 25th, the CCO will host their annual “Community Achievement Awards” luncheon at Tropicana-Evvavsville and it is going to be much larger than normal to hold what is expected to be a record-setting crowd?…the keynote speaker will be announced soon and it is a man of accomplishment in both the business and political world?…this keynote speaker is seen often on television and will be recognized by all?…it is now confirmed that Joe Wallace will be in attendance and is enthusiastically looking forward to visiting his former home and meeting the esteemed speaker?… Wallace will be available to autograph his books for any attendees who buy one or bring one that they already have with them?IS IT TRUE since his book was published in April, Mr. Wallace has visited many California cities, Dallas, Denver, Evansville, Charlotte, New York City, Phoenix, Newark, Philadelphia, Rome, Florence, Athens, Ephesus, and Madrid as an author? …Living Outside the Box has not only launched as a #1 Category seller on Amazon but now has readers in 41 American states plus the countries of Japan, Mexico, Canada, France, England, Italy, Greece, Turkey and Spain?…one speaking event drew approximately 5,000 people and he is looking forward to a little rest and relaxation during a weekend in Evansville?IS IT TRUE we are told that a candidate for the Evansville City Council will be requesting that the Evansville City Controller provide him with an accounting breakdown of all Invoices and Unrecorded Liabilities for 2017, 2018 and 2019?IS IT TRUE we wonder if anyone in city government can explain to us the rationale of increasing the Local Option Income Tax and taking away some of our Homestead Tax Credit while spending $750,000 on Penguin exhibit at the Zoo?IS IT TRUE we look forward to City Controller Russ Lloyd Jr giving members of the Evansville City Council a detailed and accurate breakdown on how much it will cost the city taxpayers to subsidize the Evansville Thunderbolts during the 2020 hockey season?IS IT TRUE it’s obvious that the City of Evansville doesn’t have a revenue problem but they do have a spending problem? IS IT TRUE that many people feel that it’s time for the EPD Administration to sit down with the FOP leadership and start addressing their grievances in a professional, rational and candid manner? FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
By MADDY VITALECity Council passed a resolution on Tuesday that extends the grace period to pay quarterly taxes to June 1 from May 10, in an effort to help property owners who are struggling in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.Before outlining the resolution for Council during the special meeting, Chief Financial Officer Frank Donato explained during the meeting, which was held remotely, what makes the resolution different from the one adopted April 23.In the April 23 resolution, Council took steps to help residents by approving a cut in the interest rate on delinquent taxes from 18 percent to 8 percent above $1,500.“They each provide different layers of relief,” he said of the unforeseen time.The lower interest rate for Ocean City property owners who are late with their payments is in effect for the second quarter taxes due on May 1 and the third quarter payments, which will be due Aug. 1. It will not retroactive for delinquent taxes for previous quarters.As New Jersey residents continue to lose their jobs by the tens of thousands because of the COVID-19 shutdown, communities across the state are looking for ways to help them pay their property taxes to prevent the flow of critical tax revenue from being disrupted.Donato spoke on behalf of the city, answering some concerns from the public about the resolution approved on Tuesday.The Council, he said, could not do any more by law than it had done until April 28, when Gov. Phil Murphy signed an executive order allowing towns to extend the grace period for payment of taxes.“Despite the opinion of FIT, (a local group Fairness in Taxes), and despite well-intended resolutions by neighboring communities, local municipalities had zero authority to adjust tax pay periods prior to the April 28 executive order,” Donato noted.Councilman Bob Barr asked for some clarification for the public about the April 23 resolution. “There was some sentiment by some that this resolution or ordinance did not help everyone — only those with higher property values, and my understanding is that is not the case,” Barr said.Donato followed up, “You asked if the April 23 resolution provided relief for taxpayers with assessments under $600,000 and the answer is yes.”The next City Council meeting is scheduled for May 14 and will also be via teleconference.
Sometimes he goes by John White. Sometimes he’s Abdulaziz Adel. At Harvard he is Mahmoud Hariri. His many names are a product of his life in Syria, where being a doctor treating the wounded is often as dangerous as being a rebel fighting the regime of Bashar al-Assad.There have been 400 documented attacks on medical facilities since the Syrian war began in 2011 and close to 800 medical workers killed, according to figures from the U.S.-based nongovernmental organization Physicians for Human Rights. The assaults have been executed almost entirely by the Assad government or its allies, according to the NGO, and have targeted civilians with ruthless precision.Hariri, a surgeon and currently a Harvard Scholars at Risk fellow, has witnessed firsthand those brutal campaigns and their horrific aftermath: bodies marred by barrel bombs (cylinders crammed with explosives and shrapnel); burned remains of medical students kidnapped and murdered for the crime of trying to aid the injured; a woman, nine months pregnant, who lost her baby when a sniper’s bullet pierced its skull.Tragedy dominated Hariri’s daily reality the past several years in Aleppo, the city where he was born and first devoted his life to helping others.“Medicine was my ambition since I was a child,” the 50-year-old physician said on a recent afternoon in his Harvard office on Story Street, thousands of miles removed from the devastation of his home city, where hundreds of thousands have died since fighting broke out in 2011. “They used to call me, since I was in the middle school, ‘How are you, doctor? Where are you going, doctor?’” Harvard’s Leaning to co-chair study examining wide effects of civil war No easy answer for health void in Syria Related When it was time to pick a specialty, Hariri opted for general surgery because of its “practical chance to save lives.” He didn’t imagine that his days removing gallbladders, fixing hernias, and teaching at Aleppo University would help prepare him to be a trauma surgeon saving lives on the front lines. He was wrong.The father of four turns to his computer to pull up a video of a group of medical personnel working feverishly in an improvised Aleppo operating room. “That’s me,” he says, pointing to blue rubber-gloved hands holding a beating heart spurting blood from a hole torn open by shrapnel. (The patient survived.)After shadowing and assisting David Nott, a London specialist and war surgeon who visited Aleppo in 2013 for six weeks, Hariri was on his own. Soon he was performing complex surgeries — vascular, lung, and open-heart — with lives in the balance.At Harvard, he is helping others gain the experience they need to become doctors in his war-ravaged country, where skilled medical professionals are increasingly rare. Hariri, who is being hosted by the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health’s Department of Global Health and Population, is focused on developing the medical school arm of the new Free Aleppo University.“It’s accredited and registered with the World Health Organization,” said Hariri, adding, “It’s our university.”He is also working on building a network of doctors, medical educators, and experts who can continue to train young doctors in Syria whose postgraduate work was interrupted by civil war. Hariri and his Syrian team are connecting via the web specialists from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Saudi Arabia with Syrian students for interviews, oral exams, and online tests.In Aleppo, Hariri helped coordinate an underground network of physicians and makeshift hospitals, safe houses filled with supplies where doctors can perform emergency surgeries. To avoid being targeted by bombs they removed sirens and lights from their ambulances and camouflaged the trucks’ bright yellow paint with mud. They trained themselves to do everything, from patient record-keeping to preparing for and responding to chemical attacks.“Step by step we learned how to organize the work.”Harari is convinced that education is the light that will show his country the way out of conflict.“Fighting extremism starts from education,” he said, “not from the fight. I believe that education, education is the key for freedom, self-dignity, development, and getting rid of all extremism. For that reason I am working on this with my friends.”In 2014, his friends in the Syrian medical community promised to nominate him for the Harvard fellowship if the surgeon promised them something as well: he would return. Hariri chuckled as he recalled the agreement. Going back, he said, has never been in question. His response to those who ask him about seeking asylum in the United States is always the same.“I need to go back home,” he tells them. “I believe that my home needs me. I have to work for them.”In the spring, after his fellowship ends, Hariri will stay true to his promise, heading first to Turkey, where he will leave his family, and then back to Syria to continue his work.“I know that the future looks grim … I don’t expect that something good will be happening soon. But in spite of this, we do believe that we have to do our best.”
Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, Inc. (GMCR) (NASDAQ: GMCR), a leader in specialty coffee and coffee makers, and Dunkin’ Donuts, a market leader in the hot regular, flavored and iced coffee categories, today announced a promotion, manufacturing and distribution agreement that will make Dunkin’ Donuts coffee available in single-serve K-Cup portion packs for use with Keurig® Single-Cup Brewers. Financial terms of the agreement were not disclosed.‘GMCR’s agreement with Dunkin’ Donuts is part of our strategy of aligning with the strongest coffee brands to support a range of consumer choice and taste profiles in our innovative Keurig Single-Cup Brewing system’Beginning this summer, Dunkin’ Donuts will offer 14-count boxes of authentic Dunkin’ Donuts coffee in single-serve K-Cup portion packs exclusively at participating Dunkin’ Donuts restaurants in the U.S. and Canada. GMCR will exclusively package the new Dunkin’® K-Cup portion packs using coffee sourced and roasted to Dunkin’ Donuts’ exacting specifications. Dunkin’ K-Cup portion packs will be available in five popular Dunkin’ Donuts flavors, including Original Blend, Dunkin’ Decaf, French Vanilla, Hazelnut and Dunkin’ Dark®. In addition, participating Dunkin’ Donuts restaurants will, on occasion, offer Keurig Single-Cup Brewers for sale.‘GMCR’s agreement with Dunkin’ Donuts is part of our strategy of aligning with the strongest coffee brands to support a range of consumer choice and taste profiles in our innovative Keurig Single-Cup Brewing system,’ stated Lawrence J. Blanford, GMCR President and CEO. “Dunkin’ Donuts has top quality coffee, an extremely loyal customer base and impactful advertising programs. Combine those assets with consumers’ enthusiastic response to Keurig’s Single-Cup Brewing technology and we believe this alliance represents a truly exciting opportunity for both companies, with the potential to strengthen Keurig brewer adoption by consumers in one of the fastest-growing categories of the coffee industry.’”We believe customers will be delighted to learn that ‘America’s Favorite Coffee’ will soon be able to be prepared in America’s fastest-growing single-cup brewing system,’ said Nigel Travis, Dunkin’ Brands CEO and Dunkin’ Donuts President. ‘By introducing Dunkin’ K-Cup portion packs and making them available exclusively in our restaurants, we are giving more people more occasions to enjoy Dunkin’ Donuts coffee and more ways to enjoy using their Keurig Single-Cup Brewing Systems. We believe this alliance of two brand leaders means incremental sales for GMCR, for Dunkin’ Donuts and for our Dunkin’ Donuts franchisees.’According to The NPD Group / CREST®, Dunkin’ Donuts serves the most hot traditional and iced coffee in America,* selling more than one billion cups of hot and iced coffee every year. Dunkin’ Donuts uses 100% Arabica coffee beans, and the company’s coffee specifications are recognized by the industry as a superior grade of coffee. Dunkin’ Donuts was recently ranked number one in customer loyalty in the coffee category for the fifth consecutive year by the 2010 Brand Keys Customer Loyalty Engagement Index. Additionally in 2010, Dunkin’ Donuts opened more net new locations globally than any other quick-service (QSR) brand.GMCR’s Keurig Single-Cup brewers for in-home and office use utilize patented, innovative brewing and single-cup technology to deliver a fresh-brewed, perfect cup of coffee, tea, or cocoa every time at just the touch of a button. Brewers with Keurig Brewed® technology were the top five selling coffeemakers in the U.S. on a dollar basis for the period of October through December 2010 and represented an estimated 49% of total coffeemaker dollar sales for that period according to The NPD Group / CREST®.*For Quick Service Restaurants Year Ending October 2010.About Dunkin’ DonutsFounded in 1950, Dunkin’ Donuts is America’s favorite all-day, everyday stop for coffee and baked goods. Dunkin’ Donuts is a market leader in the hot regular/decaf/flavored coffee, iced coffee, donut, bagel and muffin categories. Dunkin’ Donuts has earned the No. 1 ranking for customer loyalty in the coffee category by Brand Keys for five years running. The company has more than 9,700 restaurants in 31 countries worldwide. In 2010, Dunkin’ Donuts’ global system-wide sales totaled $6 billion. Based in Canton, Mass., Dunkin’ Donuts is a subsidiary of Dunkin’ Brands, Inc. For more information, visit www.DunkinDonuts.com(link is external).About Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, Inc. (NASDAQ: GMCR)As a leader in specialty coffee and coffee makers, Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, Inc. (NASDAQ: GMCR), is recognized for its award-winning coffees, innovative brewing technology, and socially responsible business practices. GMCR’s operations are managed through three business units. The Keurig business unit is comprised of Keurig, Incorporated, a wholly owned subsidiary of GMCR. Keurig is a pioneer and leading manufacturer of gourmet single-cup brewing systems for both at-home and away-from home use, predominantly in North America. The Specialty Coffee business unit produces, markets and sells coffee, tea, hot cocoa and other beverages in a variety of packaging formats, including K-Cup® portion packs for Keurig Single-Cup Brewers. The Canadian business unit produces, markets and sells coffees in K-Cup portion packs and other packaging formats and is responsible for managing the Van Houtte business as well as the grocery channel for all GMCR coffee brand sales in Canada. GMCR supports local and global communities by offsetting 100% of its direct greenhouse gas emissions, investing in sustainably-grown coffee, and allocating at least five percent of its pre-tax profits to socially and environmentally responsible initiatives.GMCR routinely posts information that may be of importance to investors in the Investor Relations section of its website, including news releases and its complete financial statements, as filed with the SEC. The Company encourages investors to consult this section of its website regularly for important information and news. Additionally, by subscribing to the Company’s automatic email news release delivery, individuals can receive news directly from GMCR as it is released.Dunkin’ Brands, Inc. Forward-Looking StatementsCertain statements in this press release express our opinions, expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or projections regarding future events or future results, including, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects, growth, strategies and the industry in which we operate, and therefore are, or may be deemed to be, ‘forward-looking statements.’ These forward-looking statements can generally be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms ‘believes,’ ‘estimates,’ ‘anticipates,’ ‘expects,’ ‘seeks,’ ‘projects,’ ‘intends,’ ‘plans,’ ‘may,’ ‘will’ or ‘should’ or, in each case, their negative or other variations or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts. Due to the risks and uncertainties inherent in forward-looking statements, actual results could differ materially from those stated or implied in this press release. We do not undertake to revise or update any of the forward-looking statements contained in this press release as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.GMCR Forward-Looking StatementsCertain statements contained herein are not based on historical fact and are ‘forward-looking statements’ within the meaning of the applicable securities laws and regulations. Generally, these statements can be identified by the use of words such as ‘anticipate,’ ‘believe,’ ‘could,’ ‘estimate,’ ‘expect,’ ‘feel,’ ‘forecast,’ ‘intend,’ ‘may,’ ‘plan,’ ‘potential,’ ‘project,’ ‘should,’ ‘would,’ and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Forward looking statements made by GMCR in this press release include: we believe this alliance represents a truly exciting opportunity for both companies with the potential to strengthen Keurig brewer adoption by consumers in one of the fastest growing categories of the coffee industry. These statements are based on information available to the Company as of the date hereof; and GMCR’s actual results or performance could differ materially from those stated or implied, due to risks and uncertainties associated with its business, which include the risk factors disclosed in its Report on Form 10-K, which GMCR filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 9, 2010. Forward-looking statements reflect management’s analysis as of the date of this release. The Company does not undertake to revise these statements to reflect subsequent developments, other than in its regular, quarterly earnings releases. Source: WATERBURY, Vt. & CANTON, Mass.–(BUSINESS WIRE)-2.22.2011
Argentina commemorates the 200th anniversary of its Revolution on May 25. The nation broke colonial ties with Spain in 1810. At that time, Argentines set up an autonomous local government called the Primera Junta (First Board), composed of intellectuals and military leaders. The country declared its independence on July 9, 1816. The first constitution was adopted in 1853. The bicentennial is celebrated nationwide throughout the year. The festivities include patriotic ceremonies, conferences, sports and technology events, and the inauguration of bicentennial cultural centers. Details of the program are available at www.bicentenario.gov.ar. By Dialogo January 01, 2010
By Dialogo July 12, 2012 With the advice and assistance of Special Operations Command South (SOCSOUTH) Civil Affairs planners, Paraguayan Military Civil Affairs soldiers teamed up with Paraguayan National Police units to provide medical attention and education to rural Paraguayans June 2-3. The two security services provided medical care to over 2,400 rural residents at the ’12 de Abril’ school, Arroyito, District of Horqueta, Department of Concepcion. The area is only accessible by dirt and mud roads, providing no access to ambulances and little patrolling for National Police. The local residents had little to no past positive exposure to municipal or national security forces operating in their district. The Medical Civic Action Program (MEDCAP) provided the opportunity for the military and police to serve a vulnerable population, develop rapport between the two partner nation services, and build community relations. “Projects like these are important in Paraguay because of the vast under governed parts of the country which are taken advantage of by either drug trafficking organizations or violent extremist organizations in the region,” said a Sgt. 1st Class Hansel Delgadillo, a SOCSOUTH Civil Affairs planner. “These programs portray a positive unified front on behalf of the local government, the national police and military in an area where residents routinely protested against the local government and had little to no trust in the police because of perceived corruption.” General Gonzalez, the Paraguayan 4th Army Division commander, oversaw the entire military-police operation in Arroyito. He noted that due to the community outreach, this was the first instance his troops could fully operate in Arroyito. The military and police brought a group of doctors, surgeons, dentists, nurses and dental technicians to provide medical services to the community members. The Ministry of Public Health deployed a mobile dental clinic unit for the event. Rural residents received treatment for a total of 9,379 different medical cases in the areas of internal medicine, gynecology, pediatrics, ophthalmology, dentistry, and outpatient surgery. In addition, laboratory and pharmacy services were provided. “The medical staff was very attentive and we are very thankful for their services,” said a woman who attended the event. “This is the first time we have received this type of treatment. The hospitality has been great, along with the treatment and excellent service.” SOCSOUTH Civil Affairs planners received a $70,000 operating budget from the U.S. Southern Command Humanitarian Assistance Program (HAP). The funds were used to pay for medical equipment and prescriptions donated to the Paraguayan government for the MEDCAP, as well as school supplies that were donated to the ’12 de Abril’ school and medical supplies donated to the local Arroyito clinic. Arturo Rene Urbieto Cuevas, the Mayor of Horqueta, was ecstatic to have the military and police collaborate to provide needed medical screening and treatments to the residents of his district. To aid with the operation, he donated 100kg of meat for the meals that were served to the attendees. “I’m thankful for the training the U.S. has provided us and I’m going to teach the police the same type of training so that they can build up their capability,” said Col. Monges, leader of the Paraguayan Military Civil Affairs directorate. In the past, the police and military have not always presented a unified front. In the recent past, however, the military civil affairs and National Police have collaborated on civil registrations throughout Paraguay. This MEDCAP, named Plan Nepohano 17, was the first full partnership between the military and police for community medical outreach. Together, they provided medical screening and treatment, security for the event, transportation for rural residents, and provided a lunch meal both days of the operation. “I’m very thankful and like the joint effort of everyone working together so we could answer the call for all the necessities that are out here,” said a general surgeon with the National Police’s FOPE (Fuerzas de Operaciones de Policias Especiales). “It feels good. It’s a good opportunity to work with another force.” In addition to the medical care rendered, representatives from the Ministry of Justice and Work were present to register rural residents into the national database, update and issue identification cards, and register firearms. For many residents, this was the first instance of receiving a Paraguayan ID card. In addition to sending the military and police medical staff to Arroyito, MEDCAP staff provided a shuttle, transporting residents from the outlying rural townships to receive the free medical services. Most residents of the Horqueta area live well below the poverty line. They are subsistence farmers, selling just enough vegetables or livestock to pay for gasoline for their motorcycles. Many families do not own cars and are not able to make regular trips to metropolitan areas for medical attention. “Without them coming here, we would have to travel to Concepcion or Horqueta and we don’t really have the means to do that,” said a local elderly woman. “Sometimes when we go there, they do not give us medication, so this is big for us and we are very happy about it.” “The objective is for the people to gain trust and for there to be a dialogue, for them to get closer in the relationship between the people and the police department,” said the Chief of the National Police’s Rural Operations Unit (Comandos de Operaciones Rurales). “It’s clear that when we talked to the communities, it’s about gaining their trust and letting them know that the government and police are here to support them.” Commissioner Lara, the Chief of the National Police’s COR unit said, “The working relationship between the military and the National Police is coming along really well, they have invited me to come along and be a part of future MEDCAPs.” “Working with our partner nation Civil Affairs counterparts was an incredible experience,” said Delgadillo. “Their long hours of work before, during and after an operation to ensure all aspects of the mission is covered and executed to standard makes our job in Paraguay that much easier.” SOCSOUTH Civil Affairs planners are already coordinating the concept of operations for three more MEDCAPs to be conducted in collaboration with the Paraguayan military and National Police in the near future.
The Chilean Navy invites representatives from other branches of the Armed Forces, Carabineros and Investigation Police (PDI), as well as navies from other countries, to participate in these instructional tours. Captain Carlos Fiedler Pinto, Commander of the Esmeralda, told Diálogo, that such tours bolster cooperation and friendship between the Armed Forces of partner nations through “participation with units and personnel in naval exercises inside and outside our territory; the involvement of forces and media in peace operations and UN operations; permanent representatives to international maritime organizations and Navy attachés; operational and educational exchanges for Officers and Enlisted personnel; and through visits by our Naval authorities to different navies and armed forces around the world.” During the mission, the students are receiving lessons in theory and practice that help them perfect their maritime skills in realistic conditions at sea. The training, supervised by the Chilean Navy’s Directorate of Education, provides the students with the opportunity to work with sails, learn how to conduct navigation on the bridge or operate engineering systems in the machine room, navigate by the stars, compose essays on professional topics related to the Navy, and stand guard duty at different control points and stations on the ship. It includes several conferences focusing on fighting new threats from transnational criminal organizations and other illegal groups. Wide array of training activities “You have the privilege and the honor to sail on an old-fashioned barquentine, which will allow you to forge your professional abilities and to live out the camaraderie and discipline of our Navy every day on board,” Bachelet told the students. During its voyage, the ship will also participate in two of the most significant regattas in the world: Sail Bremerhaven on the coast of the North Sea, Germany, and Sail Amsterdam, which involves thousands of sailing vessels, and is held every five years. For six months, the crew of 313 – including 30 women and 15 Ensigns – will participate in the training voyage. They are training with guests from other institutions: Two representatives from the Army, one from the Air Force, one from the Carabineros, one from the PDI, and 10 from foreign navies from countries the ship will visit. The Chilean Navy Training Vessel Esmeralda, also known as the Dama Blanca or White Lady, has launched on a training tour that will visit 11 ports in nine countries. A six-month voyage “This tour is an important milestone in the history of our training vessel. We can claim with pride that 60 generations have learned about the sea and its environment on board this ship, which has left a distinguishing mark on them, as can only be imparted by a sailing training vessel like the one in our Navy.” “We try to give the Ensigns every sort of skill and knowledge so they can acquire leadership and command skills during their careers and become true leaders,” Capt. Fiedler said. “The seamen are introduced to the most technical trades and assignments since they will operate and maintain the equipment and weapons system in the performance of their profession.” The Esmerelda’s first stop was June 7, in Arica, Chile, to participate in the 135th anniversary of the “Assault and Capture of Cape Arica.” It arrived at the bay accompanied by missile crafts Chipana and Angamo; over the weekend, the ship opened its doors to receive hundreds of Arican visitors, who got to know a little more about the principle work conducted by the students who began their instructional tour. President Michelle Bachelet bid farewell to the training vessel on May 29, accompanied by Minister of Defense José Antonio Gómez, Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Navy, Admiral Enrique Larrañaga, and other Naval and civilian authorities. It departed on May 31 from the Molo Abrigo pier in Valparaíso, carrying both Ensigns who had recently graduated from the Naval School and Sailors who had successfully completed their training at the Seamen School. Both are training to become future Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs). By Dialogo July 07, 2015 Moving forward, the training vessel’s itinerary includes visits to Willemstadt, Curaçao, on July 1; Rouen, France, on August 4; Bremerhaven, Germany, on August 12; Amsterdam, Netherlands, on August 19; London, United Kingdom, on August 26; Lisbon, Portugal, on September 8; Cadiz, Spain, on September 15; Recife, Brazil, on October 13; Buenos Aires, Argentina, on November 4; and the Chilean port of Punta Arenas on November 19. It will return to Valparaíso on December 6 after having toured over 40,000 kilometers, spending 138 days at sea and 52 in port, “equivalent to a trip around the world,” said Capt. Fiedler. Training mission promotes cooperation The voyage and other such training missions provide an opportunity to “foster camaraderie and leadership with justice and loyalty,” said retired Captain Javier Erazo Wiegand, who served twice on the crew of the Training Vessel Esmeralda. The first time was in 1984, and the second in 1996, as the ship’s Navigation Officer and assistant to the Commander at the time.