Consensus can be more robust than the data it rests on. That’s true in Darwinism, and appears to be true in climate science, according to some published doubts.A guru can lie down on a bed of nails, provided all the nails are even and solid. If the guru lies down on a bed of spaghetti, something else must be holding him up, and it’s not the nails. Let the nails represent data points of solid empirical science. How solid are the data points under climate science?In an episode of Tucker Carlson Tonight on Fox News August 8, filmmaker Josh Fox, a fast-talking environmental activist, wouldn’t allow Carlson to get a word in edgewise, which is quite a feat, knowing Carlson’s ability to hold his own in a debate. The guest hammered Carlson with the question, “Do you understand what the science is telling us about climate change?” Over and over he pounded away on that question, but the question presupposes that the science is solid and incontrovertible. Let’s examine some things that appeared recently in the pro-warmist science journals and news media. Readers can decide if these uncertainties are trivial or indicate a systemic, underlying problem with the consensus.‘Dodgy’ greenhouse gas data threatens Paris accord (BBC News). “Potent, climate-warming gases are being emitted into the atmosphere but are not being recorded in official inventories, a BBC investigation has found.” That’s a startling admission from a news source heavily in favor of the warmist consensus. “Levels of some emissions from India and China are so uncertain that experts say their records are plus or minus 100%,” writes Matt McGrath, environment correspondent for the BBC. To show how serious this is, look what he reports next: “These flaws posed a bigger threat to the Paris climate agreement than US President Donald Trump’s intention to withdraw, researchers told BBC Radio 4’s Counting Carbon programme.”These flaws posed a bigger threat to the Paris climate agreement than US President Donald Trump’s intention to withdraw.Sea level is a surprisingly variable parameter (Phys.org). Sea level is zero, right? This article shows how complicated it is, even since the 1990s, to come up with a “reference model” for sea level. Remember this when the media give dire warnings about cities sinking under the ocean due to climate change:The protracted debate about a common zero level has been eclipsed by the analysis of historical changes. Satellite data from the last 20 years show that sea levels vary greatly from region to region. Consequently, the focus is once again placed on regional levels. The first reliable data do not define a long-term average but rather a new zero point for research.Decomposing leaves are a surprising source of greenhouse gases (Phys.org). Nitrous oxide (N2O) is more potent a greenhouse gas than the carbon dioxide (CO2) that everyone worries about. A new “culprit” for emissions of nitrous oxide has been found, and it’s not man or coal plants. It’s “Tiny bits of decomposing leaves in soil.” How potent is nitrous oxide? “Nitrous oxide’s global warming potential is 300 times greater than carbon dioxide, and emissions are largely driven by agricultural practices,” the article says. While the article only addresses farming practices, it would seem that natural leaf litter in forests cannot be ignored. Even so, measures of N2O emissions are “traditionally are about 50 percent accurate, at best,” the article notes.Overlooked water loss in plants could throw off climate models (Nature News). The caption under a lovely photo of red tulips swaying in the breeze says, “In dry conditions, leaves might lose more water through their outer surfaces than scientists suspected.” As a consequence,Errors in how scientists account for water loss from leaves may be skewing estimates of how much energy plants make through photosynthesis, according to the latest research. This in turn could jeopardize models of how individual leaves function and even of the global climate. The errors are particularly pronounced when a plant’s water supply is limited — a condition of increasing interest as plant breeders and climate scientists grapple with the effects of global warming.Methane-eating microbes may reduce release of gases as Antarctic ice sheets melt (Phys.org). Worries about retreating ice sheets releasing methane may be mitigated by lowly bacteria that eat the gas, this article says. Nobody really looked at these remote locations before. “These tiny microorganisms may have a big impact on a warming world by preventing methane from seeping into the atmosphere when ice sheets melt, said Brent Christner, a University of Florida microbiologist and co-author on the study.” Like N2O, methane is a much more potent greenhouse gas than CO2, in particular 30 times as potent.Improved representation of solar variability in climate models (Phys.org). The sun’s contribution to warming needs to be weighed against man’s contribution. This article talks about improved data sets about how the solar cycle forces climate change, which is important, since it counteracts anthropogenic forcing. Solar forcing is found to have a bigger influence than thought. The scientists believe it “will not have a significant influence on the development of global average surface temperatures.” Nevertheless, “regional effects should not be negligible.”Casting light on the dark ages—Anglo-Saxon fenland is re-imagined (Phys.org). This article investigates a time long before coal plants, smokestacks and SUVs: the so-called “dark ages” from about 400 to 1000 AD, better called the ‘early Medieval’ period. Guess what; they survived global warming. “Fen dwellers made incremental adjustments to the ways in which they collectively exploited and safeguarded the fenland’s natural resources, adapting to water levels that slowly rose as a result of climate change.”Campaigning on climate science consensus may backfire, warn scholars (Phys.org). Aware that a large segment of the public still does not accept the consensus on climate change, six authors advocated a less-pushy approach. They took particular issue with the popular rhetoric that “97% of scientists agree that human-caused climate change is happening.” For one thing, there is still intense debate about how to quantify a consensus. Secondly, the 97% slogan is not accepted by all climate scientists; the numbers “have been published by a relatively small group of affiliated researchers and challenged by other social scientists,” the advisors say. Thirdly, the public can accept scientific findings without the “consensus” argument. Fourthly, the narrow 97% value obscures wider issues with conflicting policy options. Finally, the advisors think that the 97% slogan strategy is self-defeating, sounding like overreach. Even if the value is defensible, it cannot apply to all areas of climate science. “This approach also makes the implausible assumption that publics will follow the correct policy path once given the relevant scientific information, and that acceptance of scientific consensus is needed to support specific solutions.”Non-scientists tend to be intimidated by consensus. Tucker Carlson on that TV interview had to concede that he was a reporter, not a scientist. Given these uncertainties we’ve listed above, he should have asked the guest, “Do the scientists know what the science is telling us about climate change?” – and he should not have accepted the “all scientists agree” excuse. Then he could read our report and shout, “It’s fake science!”(Visited 520 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
3 August 2006Safety and Security Minister Charles Nqakula, speaking to journalists in Pretoria on Tuesday, called on “all law-abiding citizens” in South Africa to join in the fight against crime.The minister’s appeal comes as the government moves to strengthen policing at station level throughout the country, and through this to draw in stronger community support for combating crime.Delivering the Department of Safety and Security’s budget vote to Parliament in June, Nqakula said policing in South Africa was being restructured in order to place more resources at local police station level.The previous four-level structure of policing is being reshaped into three levels – national, provincial and local – with the dissolution of the “area level” of policing and the shift of these resources to the frontline of crime.Area-level policemen and women are to be redeployed to local stations, and experienced detectives are to be promoted in a way that keeps them doing functional police work rather than shifting them into administrative and managerial positions.Specialised crime-fighting functions are also to be redeployed to station level “to ensure that crimes are investigated where they occur”, the minister told Parliament.Additional resourcesThirteen new police stations were built in 2005/06 and 25 new ones would be built in 2006/07, the minister said, while an additional 1 000 trained detectives would be added to the police service this year.The “station empowerment strategy” will enter its first phase in the last quarter of this year as the local police station becomes the “crucible” of the country’s fight against crime, Nqakula said.Deputy Justice Minister Johnny de Lange also appealed to the public on Tuesday to report instances of perceived police failures to the various government or other authorities such as the Public Protector, saying that no civil servant in South Africa had “the right not to provide a service”.If people felt that they were not being assisted by police members, De Lange said, they should lodge a complaint with the authorities, who were obliged to take action.Source: BuaNews
The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is likely to contest all the 40 Lok Sabha seats in Bihar, a move that could dent the efforts of forming a formidable anti-NDA alliance in the state ahead of the Lok Sabha polls. Party chief Mayawati has called a meeting in New Delhi on February 28 to take a final decision on the issue.In Parliamentary constituencies sharing border with neighbouring Uttar Pradesh, such as Gopalgunj, Kaimur and Rohtas, the BSP wields some influence. In the last Assembly elections in 2015, the BSP had polled a meagre 2.07 % of the total votes. Of the 228 seats it had contested, all except three had lost their deposits.According to BSP state in-charge Lalji Medhkar and state party president Bharat Bind, Ms. Mayawati has instructed them to start preparations for all 40 Lok Sabha seats in Bihar. “She has convened a meeting of all state party leaders and office-bearers in Delhi on February 28 to take a final decision on the issue,” said Mr. Medhkar, adding that his party may not be a part of the Grand Alliance. Sources in the state BSP told The Hindu that Ms. Mayawati could finalise the list of candidates during that meeting. Earlier, Leader of Opposition in Bihar assembly and RJD leader Tejaswi Yadav had gone to Lucknow to greet Mayawati on her birthday and, according to party sources, had offered the BSP two Lok Sabha seats in Bihar. The Grand Alliance comprises the RJD, Congress, Rashtriya Lok Samata Party, Jitan Ram Manjhi-led HAM (S), Vikassheel Insaan Party, and the CPI, CPI-M and CPI-ML.
LEXINGTON, KY – NOVEMBER 14: A general view of the Kentucky Wildcats game against the Grand Canyon Antelopes at Rupp Arena on November 14, 2014 in Lexington, Kentucky. (Photo by Andy Lyons/Getty Images)Former Kentucky forward Willie Cauley-Stein, who is set to be selected later this week in the 2015 NBA Draft, has a number of tattoos covering his body. While all surely have significant meaning for the future NBA star, one – his most recent addition – surely means a bit more than the rest. This past weekend, Cauley-Stein got a massive neck tattoo to honor his late friend Blake Hundley, who passed away from cancer in May at the age of just nine years old. Cauley-Stein and Hundley had developed an incredible friendship in a short time. Cauley-Stein even wore “Team Blake” wristbands during games this past season.Cauley-Stein posted an Instagram photo of the design for his fans. He made no mention of where on his body he’d be getting inked.Cauley-Stein is regarded as one of the most likable players in basketball, so his decision to honor Hundley doesn’t come as a surprise. Whichever teams drafts him this Thursday will certainly be getting a high-character person.
Advertisement Advertisement “Our current season is a celebration of Theatre Calgary’s first 50 years. With it, we are looking back at what the company has achieved in those 50 years. Now we must look ahead at what we can and must achieve.” READ MORETheatre Calgary to Present the World Premiere of MARY & MAX As Part of 2018-19 SeasonTheatre Calgary 2018-19 season is highlighted by three world premieres, which includes Theatre Calgary, in association with Cyndi and Matt Crandell presenting MARY AND MAX – A NEW MUSICAL, with music & lyrics by Bobby Cronin, book by Crystal Skillman, directed by the organization’s new artistic director, Stafford Arima, and orchestrations and music supervision by Anna Ebbesen.The musical will premiere at Theatre Calgary from October 14 through November 10, 2018. READ MORE Twitter Theatre Calgary’s new season features world premieres and choreography from a local ballet legendThe newly minted artistic director of Theatre Calgary hails its upcoming lineup as a season of new beginnings.“For me, it is definitely a beginning. This is the first time I’ve ever programmed a season of plays because I’ve never been an artistic director of a company before,” says Stafford Arima, who has been working internationally as a freelance director for more than 20 years.His first season, 2018-19, will be Theatre Calgary’s 51st. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Login/Register With: Facebook Advertisement
TRIPOLI – A Libyan court indicted around 30 senior Moamer Kadhafi aides, including the dictator’s son Seif al-Islam, on Thursday for a raft of alleged offences during the 2011 revolt, prosecutors said.“The court ordered they stand trial on the main charges against them dealing with the repression of the 2011 revolt,” prosecutors’ office spokesman Seddik al-Sour said after the hearing.“The trial date will be set by the Tripoli criminal court,” Sour told a press conference. The charges pressed against the accused include murder, kidnapping, complicity in incitement to rape, plunder, sabotage, embezzlement of public funds and acts harmful to national unity.Only a dozen of the accused appeared in court, said a lawyer who was present at the hearing, held under tight security at a Tripoli court and prison building.Sour said the law did not require that the defendants all be in court to hear the indictment.The fact that “some of the defendants would have needed exceptional security measures to appear prompted the court to decide to notify them of its decision after the hearing”.“But the presence of all the accused will be obligatory at the trial hearings before the criminal court,” Sour added.
Two weeks removed from serving a two-game suspension, junior running back Jordan Hall has been named a captain for Saturday’s game against Michigan State. Hall, along junior defensive back and sophomore defensive back Corey Brown, was suspended for the games against Toledo and Akron for receiving impermissible benefits in the form of $200 from a former booster at a Cleveland-area charity event. The NCAA reinstated his eligibility before the Sept. 17 game against the Miami Hurricanes. “He’s a big leader in the locker room; he does a great job,” Fickell said. “He’s handled everything that we’ve asked him to handle with class and dignity.” Hall was all smiles when discussing his captain status with the media. “It’s definitely an honor,” Hall said. “It’ll be one of my greatest memories at Ohio State and it’s definitely exciting.” Hall has improved since his return to the field, rushing for 87 yards in an otherwise-offensive disaster against Miami. He followed up that performance with 84 yards and a touchdown against Colorado. Hall also had a 90-yard kickoff return against the Buffaloes to set up a touchdown. Fickell said Hall’s competitive nature on offense and special teams is what sets him apart from other players. “There’s guys with all types of abilities. When you get to college … those abilities becomes closer and closer,” Fickell said. “I think that’s the one thing I would say about Jordan. Yes, he’s very good in the things that he does, but he’s a competitor.” He added, “I’ll tell you right now, if we took him over on defense, he’d start somewhere on defense too because of the competitor that he is.” Hall said he was appreciative of Fickell’s support. “It feels good because he’s the head coach, he makes all the decisions,” Hall said. “If he feels that way about a player, then you obviously feel good about yourself.” Fickell alluded to the team’s current suspended players, senior wide receiver DeVier Posey, senior offensive tackle Mike Adams, senior running back Dan “Boom” Herron and defensive end Solomon Thomas as potential future captains as well. “We understand that we learn from our mistakes, but we’re not gonna throw guys away,” Fickell said. “That’s kind of the reason we wanted to have game captains the whole season, so that we could make sure we could bring everybody … whatever their situation.” Posey, Adams and Herron are set to return next week against Nebraska, and Hall said they have been leaders throughout the season. “They are still full-fledged members of the team,” Hall said. “We look at them as leaders.” Ohio State will face Michigan State this Saturday at 3:30 p.m. at Ohio Stadium.
Alex Iwobi was pleased to see Arsene Wenger get the big send-off he deserved at the Emirates as Arsenal secured a 5-0 victory against Burnley in his final home matchThe Nigerian ended his goal drought in the Premier League by adding the fourth goal of the game, as Arsenal produced a dominant performance for their departing manager, thanks to an assist from teammate Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang for his first league goal since January 2018.After the match, a delighted Iwobi thanked the club for giving the Frenchman the send-off he deserved after 22 years in charge of Arsenal.“This was more than a match! Really pleased we gave you the send-off you deserve. Thank you, boss,” wrote the 22-year-old on Twitter.Jose Mourinho is sold on Lampard succeeding at Chelsea Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 Jose Mourinho wanted to give his two cents on Frank Lampard’s odds as the new Chelsea FC manager, he thinks he will succeed.There really…This Was More Than A Match! Really Pleased We Gave You The Send Off You Deserve. Thank You Boss ??#MerciArsene pic.twitter.com/3L8zOXLP1s— Alexander Iwobi (@alexiwobi) May 6, 2018Iwobi is a product of the Arsenal youth academy and was brought into the first-team by Wenger in October 2015 and the young forward has since scored nine goals in his 94 appearances across all competitions for the Gunners.
Arda Turan has been handed a whopping 16-match ban by the Turkish Super Lig after losing his temper in a bad call made by the refereeThe Barcelona loanee reacted angrily at a linesman in a match between his current team, Istanbul Basaksehir, and Sivasspor.Turan was left frustrated after ex-Real Madrid forward Robinho scored a late equaliser for Sivasspor that all but ended Basaksehir’s title hopes with the hosts having previously been reduced to nine men at the Istanbul Basaksehir Fatih Terim Stadyumu.The 31-year-old then shoved the official with both hands and continued to protest after being given a straight red card.Turan was banned for 10 matches for attacking the assistant referee, three matches for insulting him and another three for threatening him.Quiz: How much do you know about David Villa? Boro Tanchev – September 14, 2019 Time to test your knowledge about Spanish legendary forward David Villa.The former Atletico Madrid player was also fined 39,000 Turkish lira.??16 partidos de sanción a Arda Turan por agredir al árbitro asistente en la liga turca!! (10 por empujar, 3 por insultar y 3 por amenazar) #Radioestadio pic.twitter.com/zNcZILWNww— Radioestadio (@Radioestadio) May 10, 2018
Borussia Monchengladbach sporting director Max Eberl believes Marco Reus’ impressive return to action is exemplaryThe Borussia Dortmund captain has put a long-term knee ligament injury behind him by scoring 11 goals in 17 games this season.Reus’ brilliant performances both domestically and in Europe have convinced Joachim Low to recall him into the Germany squad.While the forward will not feature in tonight’s friendly with Russia, Eberl remains full of praise for Reus’ progress.The Monchengladbach chief knows Reus well, from his time with Die Fohlen between 2009 to 2012, and he reckons people are seeing the best version of him right now.“The best Marco Reus of all time? Yes, but no only in terms of his football, but also as a leading player,” Eberl told Sky.Merson believes Arsenal should sign Sancho Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Borussia Dortmund winger Jadon Sancho might be the perfect player to play for the Gunners, according to former England international Paul Merson.“He has become a captain – and impressively so. I didn’t think he would back then at Gladbach.“With the way he always comes back after injuries, he must have set an example for many people.”“For me, Reus is a role model. He was lying on the ground and then came back with such character.“He is an important factor – not only on the pitch, but also as a representation of the club and the team.“That, for me, is extraordinary, and that’s why the best Reus of all time is the full package.”The Germany and Russia game will begin at 20:45 (CET) at the Red Bull Arena.